Wednesday, July 15, 2015

Are Gay Rights, Right?

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Tuesday, July 14, 2015

Dr. Jobe Martin at Scofield Bible Study in Clifton, Texas

We have made available the latest teachings from guest Bible teacher Dr. Jobe Martin from Biblical Discipleship Ministries.

The Achilles Heels of Evolution

New Age, New Spirituality, and Deception

The Crimson Worm

Monday, June 15, 2015

New Book Release: Evangelical Bible Doctrine

Click here To See On Amazon
A work on Systematic Theology and other contemporary issues by today's foremost biblical scholars. Such contributors include: H Wayne House, Norm Geisler, John C Whitcomb, Paige Patterson, Kenny Rhodes, John Pappas, Andy Woods, Don Miller, George Gunn, Charles Ray, Steve Spurlin, Arnold Fruchrnbaum, William Luck, Keith Sherlin, Jeff Helsop, Dan Woodhead, Timothy Demy, David Santos, Russell Penney, Eric Peterman, Bobby Hayes, Vern Peterman.

Thursday, April 9, 2015

The Antichrist and Islam by Dr. Mal Couch, Book Review by Gary T. Dromi, D.Min., Ph.D.

The Antichrist and Islam is, perhaps, one of Jesus’ most cherished and studied sermons. Throughout the centuries, theologians, pastors and scholars have endeavored to understand the events described by Jesus and the time period in which these events would take place.

Dr. Couch does an excellent job at breaking down and explaining the elements of the Olivet Discourse: the near fulfillment of A.D. 70 and a yet future fulfillment during the Great Tribulation. Dr. Couch rightly interprets the discourse as an accurate statement of end-time events, which will lead up to and culminate in the second coming of Christ to set up His millennial kingdom on the earth.

Seeing the Olivet Discourse in light of Revelation 17-18 and coupling all of those future events with what is happening in the world today, some theologians have begun to wonder if the religion known as Islam could possibly be “Babylon the Great” spoken of in the book of Revelation. In Revelation 17:6, John writes, “And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints [believers in Jesus], and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus. And when I saw her, I wondered greatly.” No other religion on earth today takes such pleasure in murdering Christians. The thesis certainly deserves some consideration.

There are a few places where the verse numbers are given and the Bible book reference is missing. However, this in no way detracts from this excellent resource.

Though only 88 pages in length, Dr. Couch introduces many topics: (1) Islam’s march into Western countries and culture; (2) The seven year tribulation; (3) The Anti-Christ; (4) False Christs; (5) The Parable of the Fig Tree; (6) The Coming of King Jesus; (7) A few other pertinent subjects.

While this book is not an exhaustive study of topic of eschatology, it is a great primer for anyone interested in understanding Matt. 24-25, specifically, and end time events in general. Reading The Antichrist and Islam is sure to whet your appetite for future study of the events that will take place prior to King Jesus’ second coming.
 Dr. Gary Dromi currently resides in Springdale, AR. He has been in full-time ministry for over thirteen years. He holds a B.A., M.A. and a D.Min. in Biblical Studies. While on sabbatical, he completed his Ph.D. in Biblical Counseling and is now available for pulpit fill, seminars and a full-time pastoral position. He can be reached at:  He also writes monthly articles for Scofield Ministries

Tuesday, January 6, 2015


By Tom McCall, Th.D.

Why does Satan believe he must destroy Israel from off the face of the earth? For thousands of years Satan has demonstrated an insane and insatiable drive to wipe out the Jewish people, but so far has not been able to fully accomplish his goal. Let’s review some of his major attempts:

When Abraham went to Egypt and lied about Sarah, nearly causing Pharaoh to violate her.
When Abraham had Ishmael with Hagar, bypassing Sarah.
When Ishmael ridiculed Isaac, attempting to usurp Isaac’s position.
When Esau attempted to gain Jacob’s blessing from Isaac.
When Pharaoh ordered all male Hebrew infants to be murdered.
When Pharaoh attempted to destroy Israel backed up against the Red Sea.
When Israel decided to worship the Golden Calf at Mt. Sinai.
When Israel decided to stay in the wilderness rather than go into Canaan.
When Moab tried to destroy Israel and stop them from entering Canaan.
When the Canaanites amassed all their armies to destroy the invading Israelites.
When the surrounding nations tried to destroy Israel during the time of the Judges.
When the surrounding nations tried to destroy Israel during the time of the kings.
When the Assyrian army destroyed Israel and much of Judah.
When the Babylonian army destroyed the Temple and Jerusalem.
When the refugees from Babylon and Persia were restoring the Temple and Jerusalem
When Haman attempted to destroy all the Jews throughout the Persian Empire.
When the Greco-Syrian forces tried to Hellenize Judea under Antiochus Epiphanes
When the Roman army destroyed Judea and Jerusalem twice (70 AD and 135 AD)
When the Jewish people were scattered and persecuted throughout the world for 2,000 years.
When Hitler organized the Holocaust and destroyed over Six million Jews.
When the Jews attempted to return to Israel against extensive international opposition.
When Israel declared its independence in 1947 and was invaded by Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
When Israel was invaded in 1967 and 1973 by its surrounding neighbors
When Israel was disrupted by numerous intifadas from Palestinians and Jihadists.
When Hamas hurled thousands of rockets from Gaza into Israel in 2014.

So we see, for 4,000 years the Jewish people have faced relentless persecution, opposition and attempts to annihilate and destroy them. If it were any of other people, it would seem totally irrational and insane. However, with Israel, there appears to be a certain rational, though Satanic, strategy behind this animosity.

For Satan, the destruction of Israel is a matter of self-preservation. Ultimately, the survival of Israel results in the eternal perdition of Satan. How can this be? Because when Israel repents and nationally invites the Lord Jesus Christ to be their own Redeemer/Messiah, that generation of Israel will be saved, and Satan’s plan to destroy the Jews will be finally defeated. Christ will return to the earth, destroy the Satanic Antichrist and his armies at Armageddon, establish His Kingdom over Israel and the world for 1,000 years, and then cast Satan into the Lake of Fire forever and ever.

The key is that Israel must survive to receive Christ nationally as their own Messiah. As Jesus said when He lamented over Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives a few days before He died and rose from the dead at His First Coming:

Matthew 23:39 - 24:1 39 "For I say to you, from now on you shall not see Me until you say, 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!'"

While the remnant of Israel in every generation would receive Him all during the long period between His First and Second Comings (the Church Age), the nation Israel will not receive Him until after the Rapture of the Church and the Seven Year Tribulation. Thus, when Israel receives Christ, this will usher in the events that spell the doom of Satan.

From Satan’s point of view, he must keep Israel from surviving to the point in time when they will be ready to receive Jesus as their long awaited Messiah/Redeemer. They had a great opportunity to receive Him at His First Coming, but as John states:

John 1:11-12 11 He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name.

Israel did not know its great “hour of visitation” when Jesus came the first time, but when He comes again, the nation of Israel as a whole that survives the Tribulation will at last be ready, willing and eager to receive Him as Savior and Lord.

Thus Satan has strived mightily to destroy Israel through the centuries up until this present time so that there would be no Israel to invite Jesus to return to the earth. Why hasn’t Satan been able to accomplish his repeated purpose to kill off this small nation of only a few million people? It is because God has promised to preserve His covenant nation forever, as Jeremiah so eloquently explains:

Jeremiah 31:35-36 35 Thus says the LORD, Who gives the sun for light by day, And the fixed order of the moon and the stars for light by night, Who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar; The LORD of hosts is His name: 36 "If this fixed order departs From before Me," declares the LORD, "Then the offspring of Israel also shall cease From being a nation before Me forever."

God here states what it would take to destroy Israel. One would have to first destroy the sun, moon and stars. Once that had been accomplished then, and only then, could someone go about destroying Israel. The last time I looked, the sun, moon and stars were still functioning, so that must mean Israel has not ceased being a nation.

Satan wants to destroy Israel so that he can keep God from sending him into eternal perdition, but God will not allow Satan to destroy His Chosen Nation. Israel is the apple of God’s eye, so it must survive as a nation before Him for all time.

Thursday, January 23, 2014

The Weapons and Climate of The Gog & Magog War by Dr. Tom McCall

Prologue: Three hundred years ago, two believers in Christ were having discussions about Bible prophecy. They were reading prophecies in the Old Testament about the restoration of Israel back to the Land in the last days. One of them said, “Could this happen literally?” His friend replied, “Of course not, all the conditions of the world are against it. The Jews are scattered all over the earth; the nations of the world would not stand for it; the Arabs would not tolerate it; it is unthinkable that such a turn of events could occur. 

We must interpret these prophecies allegorically. It would take more than a miracle for this to occur.”
Indeed. Now, three hundred years later, against all odds, we have lived through just such a miracle. Israel is once again a nation among the family of nations, and is in the world news almost every day. Jesus said, “Not one jot or tittle shall pass from the Law until all is fulfilled.” (Matthew 5:18) Will all the prophecies of the Word be fulfilled literally or just some of them? 
I have long believed that the next great prophetic event between the Rapture of the Church and the beginning of the Tribulation will be the Gog and Magog War of Ezekiel 38-39. There may be other smaller prophetic and/or non-prophetic wars between now and then, but the focus appears to be on Gog and Magog during that time frame. The Gog and Magog War is a critical step in the divine plan of restoring all of Israel to the Promised Land, as well as the developments during the Tribulation, Armageddon and the Second Coming of Christ. 
Every day it seems like the stage is being set for the events of the Gog and Magog War. For Example:
  1. Iran (i.e. Ancient Persia) is increasingly in the international spotlight as it moves inexorably closer to nuclear capability.
  2. Israel’s vulnerability from nuclear attack from Iran is causing it to ramp up its ability to mount a pre-emptive strike against the nuclear facilities in Iran.
  3. They are also forging an agreement with Saudi Arabia to use its airspace in case of such an attack.
  4. The U.S. administration and the European powers are attempting to solve the Iran problem diplomatically, but in the process they are alienating and marginalizing Israel.
  5. In addition, Russia is supplying Iran and much of the Middle East with military and diplomatic support.
  6. Israel’s discovery of vast natural gas reserves in the Leviathan field in the Mediterranean Sea and shale oil reserves under the Valley of Elah on land are making that miracle nation even more of a desirable target for Russia and the Magog alliance to attack.

What else has to happen, besides the Rapture, before the Gog and Magog War actually comes to pass?

Well, there are some aspects of Ezekiel’s prophecy that appear to be out of sync with current conditions. For instance, the warfare described in Ezekiel 38-39 is primitive compared to modern weapons:
Ezekiel 38:4 4 “And I will turn you about, and put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you out, and all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them splendidly attired, a great company with buckler and shield, all of them wielding swords (NASB); 
There are no planes, tanks, missiles and so forth in the prophet’s narrative.

The customary interpretation is, of course, that Ezekiel knew nothing about modern weapons when he wrote some 3,500 years ago, and so he had to describe the events in the terms of ancient warfare such as swords, shields, bucklers, and horses. That may be the case, but is it possible that by the time the War takes place military power may be so degraded that the nations are reduced to fighting with ancient weapons? Could some kind of nuclear war or other events occur that would make modern weapons inoperative? 
There are at least two features of the Gog and Magog War that seem to make modern weapons unlikely. One is the vast array of horses used (along with soldiers) that provide the multitude of vultures and beasts with an enormous feast at the conclusion of the battles.
Ezekiel 38:15 15 “And you will come from your place out of the remote parts of the north, you and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great assembly and a mighty army (NASB);
Ezekiel 39:17-20 17 “And as for you, son of man, thus says the Lord God, ‘Speak to every kind of bird and to every beast of the field, “Assemble and come, gather from every side to My sacrifice which I am going to sacrifice for you, as a great sacrifice on the mountains of Israel, that you may eat flesh and drink blood. 18 “You shall eat the flesh of mighty men, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, as though they were rams, lambs, goats, and bulls, all of them fatlings of Bashan. 19 “So you will eat fat until you are glutted, and drink blood until you are drunk, from My sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you. 20 “And you will be glutted at My table with horses and charioteers, with mighty men and all the men of war,” declares the Lord God (NASB).
The vultures and beasts surely would not be feeding on fallen planes and tanks! The other is the fact that the victorious Israelis will be able to use the debris of the fallen invaders for fuel for seven years after the War, so that they will not have to cut down forests for fuel during that time.

Eze 38-39 Intro
Ezekiel 39:9-10 9 “Then those who inhabit the cities of Israel will go out, and make fires with the weapons and burn them, both shields and bucklers, bows and arrows, war clubs and spears and for seven years they will make fires of them. 10 “And they will not take wood from the field or gather firewood from the forests, for they will make fires with the weapons; and they will take the spoil of those who despoiled them, and seize the plunder of those who plundered them,” declares the Lord God. turn your hand against the waste places which are now inhabited, and against the people who are gathered from the nations(NASB).
It is interesting that the length of time for the burning of the fuel is the same time as the length of the seven years of the Tribulation.
Another area of scientific research is in that of climate change. This has nothing to do with the Global Warming pseudo-science that claims human activity is affecting the climate. Rather, it looks at validated evidence that we may be headed toward a great cooling era which could bring increasing rainfall to Israel and in turn could increase forests and grassland. Extensive grassland in Israel would make possible the development of herds of cattle throughout the Land. As noted above, there is a description of forests and cattle in Israel, which do not exist in abundance in the Land at the present time: 
Ezekiel 39:10“And they will not take wood from the field or gather firewood from the forests who have acquired cattle and goods, who live at the center of the world (NASB).’
There is some anecdotal evidence that Israel is already experiencing heavier rainfall and snow in recent years, and conversely, anecdotal evidence that areas of Russia and the Ukraine are getting colder. If these trends are confirmed and continue, it might make vast areas of Russia too cold for many crops. It is speculated that some of this climate change might be caused by activity on the surface of the Sun. These climate events, if they develop, might also contribute to making Israel an inviting target for Russia. We need more hard evidence from reputable climatologists to determine if these trends are valid.

Some scientists, many of whom have no interest in Bible prophecy, are doing research on the degrading of modern weapons systems. This includes the disruption of the electric power grid and semiconductor devices through such weapons as the Electromagnetic Pulse Bomb. The best known example of the potential for severe damage to the electrical grid and electronic devices is the Star Fish Prime Nuclear weapon test in 1962[1]. However, in order for swords to replace small arms, nitrate manufacturing/supplies must somehow be compromised or, nitrates themselves must be destabilized. No weapon or known natural process is able to destabilize nitrates on a worldwide basis. (Nitro cellulose is the propellant in all, or nearly all small arms)
The elimination of electricity and gunpowder would go a long ways toward throwing warfare back to the primitive status described in Ezekiel, but such drastic changes seem unlikely under the present circumstances. Scientists are also looking at valid naturally caused climate changes that would affect growing seasons around the world, especially in Israel but again we need more evidence that this is actually happening.
I am attempting to gather as much research on this subject as possible, and I am inviting our readers who have information on these matters to respond. Any assistance would be greatly appreciated. Send email to: bigmac1936 at (replace the 'at' with the @ symbol). 

Monday, September 23, 2013

Was Israel's Monarchy of God or Man? by Thomas S. McCall, Th.D.

Jesus asked the Jewish leaders if the baptism of John was of human or divine origin.

Matthew 21:25 
“The baptism of John was from what source, from heaven or from men?” And they began reasoning among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say to us, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’ (NASB)

As our Lord Jesus indicated, it is important to know whether any event or institution is of God or of man.  Many believe that the Israeli monarchy was of human origin and that God did not intend for Israel to have kings.  It is the purpose of this article to demonstrate that it was the direct will of God that Israel would have kings.  This purpose was partially fulfilled in the inauguration of:

  • David and his lineage, and is ultimately fulfilled in David’s descendant, the Lord Jesus Christ, the King of kings.
  • Those who deny the validity of the monarchy point to the episode in which the leaders of Israel asked Samuel to anoint a king.
1 Samuel 8:5
And they said to him, “Behold, you have grown old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now appoint a king for us to judge us like all the nations.” (NASB)

Samuel was greatly disappointed over their request, and went to the Lord with the people’s desire to have a king.  God also was displeased with the request, said they were rejecting Him and His rule over them, and warned against the dangers of having a king.  Nevertheless, He appointed Saul, of the tribe of Benjamin, to be their king.

1 Samuel 8:6-10
6 But the thing was displeasing in the sight of Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” And Samuel prayed to the LORD. 7 And the LORD said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the people in regard to all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from being king over them.  8 “Like all the deeds which they have done since the day that I brought them up from Egypt even to this day– in that they have forsaken Me and served other gods– so they are doing to you also.  9 “Now then, listen to their voice; however, you shall solemnly warn them and tell them of the procedure of the king who will reign over them.”  10 So Samuel spoke all the words of the LORD to the people who had asked of him a king. (NASB)

The people of Israel were dissatisfied with having Judges.  They wanted a king so that they would have stability like the other nations, and a standing army that could deal with their enemies that beset them on every side.  When they came to Samuel about this he asked the Lord and the Lord replied that they were not only rejecting Samuel but also Himself as king.  He furthermore warned them that having a king brought many onerous problems, such as taxes and conscripted service in the king’s army and service in the court.  They might well in time regret having ever asked for a king.

From this episode many have assumed that the Israelite monarchy was of man and that God was opposed to Israel having a monarchy.  Furthermore, many of them think that the whole idea of Israel having a future Messianic kingdom would be unthinkable as well.

However, whose Idea was it that Israel should have a monarchy in the first place?  The Lord Himself is the first to broach the idea of Israel having kings, as he promised kings to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Judah.

Genesis 17:6 
And I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings shall come forth from you. (NASB)

 Genesis 35:11
God also said to him, “I am God Almighty; be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come forth from you. (NASB)

Genesis 49:10
The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until Shiloh comes, and to him shall be the obedience of the peoples. (NASB)

Not only does God promise kings to Israel, He even designates Judah as the tribe through whom the kings and King Messiah (Shiloh) would come.  Therefore, we must pay close attention to the tribe of Judah.  After this prophecy about Judah, some 400 years pass before God was ready to bring Israel out of Egypt through a deliverer.  Who was that deliverer and where did that deliverer come from.  Of course, it was Moses and Moses was from Levi, not from Judah.  What happened to the promise to Judah?

The next leader and successor to Moses was Joshua, who would lead Israel in the conquest of the Promised Land.  However, he also was not from Judah, but from the tribe of Ephraim.  Why not a leader from the tribe of Judah?

In Judges, the first Judge was Othniel (the brother of Caleb), who was of the tribe of Judah, and he defeated the Mesopotamian king, He then served as Judge for 40 years.  He is the only Judge from the tribe of Judah, and there is no indication that he ruled over the 12 tribes or wielded a scepter over Israel.

All the rest of the Judges were from various other tribes, and the writer laments that there was no king in Israel, and that every man did what was right in his own eyes.  Judah is not prominent during this 400 year period.  The absence of the prominence of the tribe of Judah all during the hundreds of years after the death of the patriarch Judah is problematical.  Judah was prophesied to be the ruling tribe, the tribe from whom the Messiah was to come.  Yet no enduring leadership arose during the Egyptian exile, the Exodus, the Wilderness Journey, the Conquest of Canaan or the period of the Judges.  Why was Judah essentially passed over for some 700 years?

To find the answer to this, we must first look at the life of the founder of the tribe of Judah, Judah himself.  In Genesis 38, we find the unusual story of Judah and his daughter-in-law, Tamar.  As it turns out, they had an incestuous relationship that had enormous ramifications for centuries to come.

Genesis 38:24-26
Now it was about three months later that Judah was informed, “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has played the harlot, and behold, she is also with child by harlotry.” Then Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned!”  25 It was while she was being brought out that she sent to her father-in-law, saying, and “I am with child by the man to whom these things belong.” And she said, “Please examine and see, whose signet ring and cords and staff are these?” 26 And Judah recognized them, and said, “She is more righteous than I, inasmuch as I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not have relations with her again. (NASB)

Genesis 38:27 – 30 
And it came about at the time she was giving birth, that behold, there were twins in her womb.  28 Moreover, it took place while she was giving birth, one put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.”  29 But it came about as he drew back his hand, that behold, his brother came out. Then she said, “What a breach you have made for yourself!” So he was named Perez.  30 And afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on his hand; and he was named Zerah. (NASB)

Thus it was that Perez became the first born son of Judah and Tamar.  We would expect the line of Perez to have the leadership role and the line of kings for the 12 tribes of Israel.  But, as mentioned above, when the time came for choosing the deliverer to bring the nation out of Egypt, the chosen deliverer was not from Judah, but from the tribe of Levi, Moses.

Exodus 2:1-2
Now a man from the house of Levi went and married a daughter of Levi.  And the woman conceived and bore a son; and when she saw that he was beautiful, she hid him for three months. (NASB)

It was Moses who was miraculously spared and became the recipient of all the wisdom of Egypt in the house of Pharaoh, not a member of the tribe of Judah.  He was thus prepared to later lead his people out of Egypt, and to bring Israel to the entrance to the Land of Canaan.
As Moses was about to die on Mount Nebo, he appointed Joshua to be the one to lead Israel in the conquest of Canaan.  Where was Joshua from?  Not the tribe of Judah, but Ephraim.

1 Chronicles 7:20-27
26 And the sons of Ephraim were Shuthelah and Bered his son, Tahath his son, Eleadah his son, Tahath his son . . 27Ladan his son, Ammihud his son, Elishama his son, Nun his son, and Joshua his son. (NASB)

Again, the question arises: Why was Judah passed over when it came time to choose the leader who would bring the Chosen People into the Promised Land?  The tribe of Ephraim led the people through Joshua to conquer the Land.

Next comes the 400 difficult years of the Judges.  Among the Judges only Othniel was from the tribe of Judah, and he was not a descendant of Perez the royal line.  Members of almost every other tribe were chosen to be Judges throughout that period.  Many of them did not lead all twelve tribes.  Gideon only led 300 into battle, and Samson was a one man army.  Judah was not prominent, and there was certainly no king in Israel.

Some interpreters think that the Judge system was ideal, but the writer of Judges did not think so. In fact, on several occasions the writer deplored the fact that there was no king reigning in Israel.

Judges 21:25
In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what he thought best. (NASB)

Samuel acceded to the wishes of the people, and anointed Saul as king. The Lord actually selected Saul and gave Him the blessing of the Holy Spirit, at least temporarily.  God even gave King Saul significant victories, and he had the allegiance of the 12 tribes, but eventually Saul was disobedient to the Lord, so Samuel announced that the kingdom was removed from him.

1 Samuel 15:26-28
26 But Samuel said to Saul, “I will not return with you; for you have rejected the word of the LORD, and the LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel.”  27 And as Samuel turned to go, Saul seized the edge of his robe, and it tore.  28 So Samuel said to him, “The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today, and has given it to your neighbor who is better than you. (NASB)

Saul continued to rule after the Lord had taken the kingdom from him, and Samuel went home and mourned for the national condition. But the Lord remonstrated with him and told him He had work for him to do.

1 Samuel 16:1-3
1 Now the LORD said to Samuel, “How long will you grieve over Saul, since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have selected a king for Myself among his sons.”  2 But Samuel said, “How can I go? When Saul hears of it, he will kill me.” And the LORD said, “Take a heifer with you, and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to the LORD.’  3 “And you shall invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; and you shall anoint for Me the one whom I designate to you.” (NASB)

God was now taking the initiative, not the people, and He was moving quickly to anoint a new king for Israel.  Jesse brought before Samuel 6 sons beginning with the eldest, but none of them qualified as the Lord’s next king.  Who, then would receive the throne?  Samuel asks Jesse his host.

1 Samuel 16:11-13
11 And Samuel said to Jesse, “Are these all the children?” And he said, “There remains yet the youngest, and behold, he is tending the sheep.” Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and bring him; for we will not sit down until he comes here.”  12 So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with beautiful eyes and a handsome appearance. And the LORD said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is he.”  13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon David from that day forward. And Samuel arose and went to Ramah. (NASB)

It was the 7th son, David, the youngest, who was chosen by the Lord and anointed by Samuel to be king.  It was some seven hundred years since the promise was made to Judah that his would be the royal tribe, and yet no member of the tribe of Judah assumed leadership over the twelve tribe of Israel. Why did it take so long, from Judah to David, 700 years, for the tribe to produce a king?  Perhaps part of the answer is found in the Law of Moses.

The Lord Himself declared in the Law a strong penalty against promiscuity and the producing of illegitimate children.  No illegitimate child could enter the assembly of the Lord for 10 generations.

Deuteronomy 23:2-3
 “No one of illegitimate birth shall enter the assembly of the LORD; none of his descendants, even to the tenth generation, shall enter the assembly of the LORD.  3 “No Ammonite or Moabite shall enter the assembly of the LORD; none of their descendants, even to the tenth generation, shall ever enter the assembly of the LORD, (NASB)

What does it mean that one could not enter the assembly of the Lord?  It certainly meant that they could not join in the public worship of the people, especially the occasions that involved in the worship in the Tabernacle or later in the Temple.  Furthermore, it probably precluded them from public position of leadership. The problem was, of course, that the sons of Judah and Tamar were illegitimate children because of the incestuous relationship between Judah and his daughter-in-law Tamar. Thus, Perez, the first born of the couple, could not enter into the congregation of the Lord, if this law applies to him.  Actually, this law was not pronounced for several hundred years after Perez was born, during the time of Moses.  It appears that the Lord bound Himself and the line of Judah to a law that He would later convey to the people of Israel.

The fact that the law applied to the line of Judah becomes clear with the story in the Book of Ruth.  This beautiful love story that culminates in the marriage of Ruth and Boaz ends with the genealogy of David.  Strangely enough, it did not begin with Abraham, or even Judah, but with the illegitimate son Perez.

Ruth 4:17-22
17 And the neighbor women gave him a name, saying, “A son has been born to Naomi!” So they named him Obed. He is the father of Jesse, the father of David.  18 Now these are the generations of Perez: to Perez was born Hezron,  19 and to Hezron was born Ram, and to Ram, Amminadab,  20 and to Amminadab was born Nahshon, and to Nahshon, Salmon,  21 and to Salmon was born Boaz, and to Boaz, Obed,  22 and to Obed was born Jesse, and to Jesse, David. (NASB)

Fully ten generations passed from Perez to David.  David’s generation was the first generation that was able to enter into the congregation of the Lord.  Indeed, his was the first generation that could assume leadership over the 12 tribes of Israel.  By His own law, God waited ten generations, some 700 years from Perez to David to bring forth a king from the tribe of Judah.

Yet, just being 10 generations from Perez was not the only qualification for the new king of Israel.  David had six brothers, all of whom met that qualification, but they were not chosen.  God was looking for a man after His own heart.  David, the seventh and last son of Jesse, was that man.  He was the one the Spirit of God designated, and Samuel anointed him.  He was the king of Israel, holding the scepter of the Tribe of Judah.
Once David was established as king, God did far more for the man who was a man after His own heart, He promised him an eternal dynasty, in what is known as the Davidic Covenant.  This Covenant is the foundation of the royal majesty of the Messiah. The prophet Gad pronounced it to David when after he informed the king that he would not himself build the Lord a Temple, but it would be built by David’s son.

2 Samuel 7:12-17
 12 “When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom.  13 “He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.  14 “I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men,  15 but My lovingkindness shall not depart from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you.  16 “And your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever.”‘”  17 In accordance with all these words and all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David. (NASB)

The Davidic dynasty plays a large role in the New Testament, which begins with the declaration of the fact that Jesus Christ is the descendant of David, which is an essential requirement of the Messiah.

Matthew 1:1
The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. (NASB)

When the angel appeared to Mary, he stressed the fact that the One who would be born to her would be not only the Son of God, but also the son of David, and would sit  upon the throne of David, ruling over Israel forever.

Luke 1:29-33
29 But she was greatly troubled at this statement, and kept pondering what kind of salutation this might be.  30 And the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary; for you have found favor with God.  31 “And behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus.  32 “He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; 33 and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and His kingdom will have no end.” (NASB)

Years later, when the Apostle Paul spoke in the synagogue in Antioch in Asia Minor, he mentioned that Christ was the recipient of the sure blessings of David, which included the promise that He would be raised from the dead.


Acts 13:34-37
 34 “And as for the fact that He raised Him up from the dead, no more to return to decay, He has spoken in this way: ‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David.’  35 “Therefore He also says in another Psalm, ‘Thou wilt not allow Thy Holy One to undergo decay.’  36 “For David, after he had served the purpose of God in his own generation, fell asleep, and was laid among his fathers, and underwent decay; 37 but He whom God raised did not undergo decay. (NASB)

Then when Paul began the letter to the Romans, he proclaimed that Jesus was the son of David according to the flesh, and the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead.

Romans 1:1-5
Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, called as an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, 2 which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures, 3 concerning His Son, who was born of a descendant of David according to the flesh,  4 who was declared the Son of God with power by the resurrection from the dead, according to the Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord,  5 through whom we have received grace and apostleship to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles, for His name’s sake, (NASB)

In one of the letters to the seven churches, Christ describes Himself as the One who has the key of David.

Revelation 3:7
 7 “And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write: He who is holy, who is true, who has the key of David, who opens and no one will shut, and who shuts and no one opens, says this: (NASB)

 Next, as the Book of Revelation continues, Jesus is referred to as the Lion of Judah and the Root of David.

Revelation 5:5
5 and one of the elders said to me, “Stop weeping; behold, the Lion that is from the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so as to open the book and its seven seals. (NASB)
Finally, at the end of Revelation, the next to the last thing that Christ says to the churches is that He is the root and the offspring of David. The root produces the plant, while the offspring is the fruit of the plant. Thus, as God, Jesus produced David, while as the offspring; He is the son of David.

Revelation 22:16
16 “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things for the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright morning star.” (NASB)

Surely the Israelite monarchy was in the promised and planned will of God.  The plan was lengthy because of the sin of Judah, who committed incest with Tamar and produced the illegitimate son Perez.  This required 10 generations to pass before Judah’s descendant would be eligible to take the throne over Israel.  Thus any of Jesse’s sons would have fit that requirement, but that was not enough.  He must also be a “man after God’s own heart.”  The other seven brothers fit the first requirement, but only David fit the second.  Thus he was anointed as king by the Prophet Samuel.  After he ascended to the throne, then he made Jerusalem the capital of Israel, and God gave him the Davidic Covenant, the promise of an eternal dynasty, extending forever through his descendant, the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ.

The people of Israel who asked Samuel for a king were wrong on two counts:  their motive was wrong because they did not ask for a king according to God’s promise, but because they wanted to be like the Gentile nations; and their timing was wrong.  They were a generation too early.  They did not wait for Perez’ tenth generation to come to arrive.  Nevertheless, the Lord brought about His divine plan for a Messianic dynasty, so that when Christ returns to the earth He may take His rightful place over Israel and the World as the Redeemer King of Kings and Lord of Lords.